ENT surgery, also known as Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, is a medical specialty that involves the diagnosis, treatment, and management of disorders and conditions affecting the ear, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck.
ENT surgery may involve a variety of procedures depending on the specific condition being treated. Some common types of ENT surgery include:
Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy: This procedure involves the removal of the tonsils and adenoids, which are part of the immune system and can become infected or enlarged, causing breathing difficulties.
Sinus surgery: This may involve procedures to improve drainage and ventilation of the sinuses, such as endoscopic sinus surgery or balloon sinuplasty.
Ear surgery: This may include procedures to treat conditions such as chronic ear infections, hearing loss, or perforated eardrums, and may involve techniques such as myringoplasty, tympanoplasty, or cochlear implantation.
Head and neck cancer surgery: This may involve procedures to remove tumors or affected lymph nodes, and may be combined with radiation therapy or chemotherapy.
Voice and swallowing surgery: This may involve procedures to improve the function of the larynx or vocal cords, such as vocal cord surgery, or to address conditions that affect swallowing, such as Zenker’s diverticulum.
ENT surgery may be performed under local or general anesthesia, and may involve minimally invasive techniques, such as endoscopy or robotic surgery, to minimize pain and recovery time. It’s important to work closely with an ENT specialist to determine the most appropriate treatment approach for a specific condition, and to carefully follow pre- and post-operative instructions to optimize outcomes and minimize complications.