Head and neck cancer surgery is a treatment option for patients with cancerous tumors located in the head and neck region. The goal of surgery is to remove the cancerous tissue and, in some cases, nearby lymph nodes to prevent the cancer from spreading further. Depending on the location and stage of the cancer, different surgical approaches may be used.
Some of the common types of head and neck cancer surgeries include:
Transoral robotic surgery (TORS): This is a minimally invasive surgical technique that uses a robot to remove tumors through the mouth. TORS can be used to treat tumors located in the tonsils, tongue, and throat.
Neck dissection: This is a surgical procedure used to remove lymph nodes from the neck. It is often performed in combination with other surgical procedures, such as TORS or laryngectomy.
Laryngectomy: This is a surgical procedure used to remove the voice box (larynx) in patients with advanced laryngeal cancer. The surgeon may create a stoma (an opening in the neck) for the patient to breathe through.
Maxillectomy: This is a surgical procedure used to remove all or part of the upper jaw bone (maxilla) in patients with maxillary sinus cancer.
Mandibulectomy: This is a surgical procedure used to remove all or part of the lower jaw bone (mandible) in patients with oral cavity cancer.
Parotidectomy: This is a surgical procedure used to remove all or part of the parotid gland, which is located in front of and below the ear. It is often performed in patients with salivary gland tumors.
Overall, the choice of surgical approach will depend on several factors, including the location and stage of the cancer, the patient’s overall health, and the surgeon’s experience and expertise. It’s important to work with a team of specialists, including an experienced head and neck surgeon, to determine the best treatment plan for each individual patient.